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Premise on the land turtle enclosure for land turtles
Do not be fooled by their clumsy appearance: like Arsène Lupin, land turtles are masters of escape. Extremely curious, they can dig, climb and get out the fence. Outside their enclosure, however, they can face very serious dangers.
- High quality inside the enclosure. Building a perfect fence is useless if inside the space is not well done. In fact, inside the enclosure, you must recreate, in small, the ideal habitat of your land turtles, imitating what they would find in nature. There must always be a shelter, soft terrain, water, light and shade. You may also be interested to read this post: “The best land turtle’s habitat in 7 steps”.
- The space inside the enclosure. The greater the space you dedicate to your turtle, the better her quality of life will be. Expert breeders and researchers recommend a width of 5 to 10 square meters for each land turtle. In any case, the CITES guidelines suggest never going below 2 square meters per specimen.
- Safety inside and outside the enclosure. It is very important to make a good fence for your land turtles, because a promiscuous space can be very dangerous: cars and lawnmowers can cause fatal damage to your turtle. The enclosure must also keep predators away: dogs, birds of prey and rodents.
1 – An impassable enclosure
2 – A fence under the ground
Land turtles are able to dig deep holes and in some cases they can make tunnels under your fence. The Testudo Horsfieldii, for example, also called Russian turtle, can dig tunnels even a couple of meters long.
Therefore, in order to avoid escapes – Count of Montecristo’s style- it is important to bury the fence along the entire perimeter, for at least 40 centimeters of depth. If you can not extend the planks of wood or brick under the ground, you can attach a net to the main fence, on the outside, and let it down into the ground.
How can you do that? Just dig a trench along the perimeter of your land turtle enclosure. At this point you can fix vertical posts, in wood or metal, so that you can hook the net. Once this is done, you can cover the trench with some terrain.
3 – Many curves and few corners
The free forms, without corners, are the most recommended for the land turtles enclosures: it is nice and make very difficult to escape. The reason? The corners allow the land turtles to prop up and cling to the edges of the enclosure. Well, rectangular perimeters are much more practical, indeed. But if you can, the curves are definitely a plus for your land tortoise enclosure.
4 – A net above your enclosure against birds of prey
The danger can come from the sky: owls and crows can hurt and kill your land tortoises. A net is mandatory to protect baby turtles: small and soft-shelled, they are a delicious morsel for birds of prey. If land turtles are adult, however, the net is optional but is definitely a good choice. The beak and the claws of certain common birds, in fact, can kill even large turtles.
5 – A visual barrier
Fences are often built with wide-mesh nets to allow land tortoises to contemplate the landscape. Experienced researchers, on the other hand, advise doing the opposite by making a visual barrier. Land turtles, in fact, are not interested in the landscape, but their instinct leads them to explore: if they see that on the other side there are interesting colors and good things to eat, they will have the unstoppable impulse to reach them and try to get out of the enclosure.If they do not see beyond the barrier, your land turtles will be quiet and happy, dominating their horizon in full. The visual stimuli of unexplored places, on the contrary, can generate stress and make them escape.
BONUS – Put some aromatic plants
Your enclosure can be beautiful and functional, with the addition of plants and shrubs. The best choice? The most common aromatic plants: sage, thyme, rosemary and lavender. They are not very attractive for the Testudo to eat: so, they can grow and generate shade and cooler areas. What is more, they are not bad to eat.
Also, you can put some roses: extremely decorative for you, exquisitely good for your tortoises.